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It was not until the late 16th century that boxing re-surfaced in London.Records of Classical boxing activity disappeared after the fall of the Western Roman Empire when the wearing of weapons became common once again and interest in fighting with the fists waned.
Boxing evolved from 16th- and 18th-century prizefights, largely in Great Britain, to the forerunner of modern boxing in the mid-19th century with the 1867 introduction of the Marquess of Queensberry Rules.However, this was considered "unmanly" In modern boxing, there is a three-minute limit to rounds (unlike the downed fighter ends the round rule).Intentionally going down in modern boxing will cause the recovering fighter to lose points in the scoring system.Hitting a downed fighter and grasping below the waist were prohibited.Broughton encouraged the use of 'mufflers', a form of padded bandage or mitten, to be used in 'jousting' or sparring sessions in training, and in exhibition matches.The first documented account of a bare-knuckle fight in England appeared in 1681 in the London Protestant Mercury, and the first English bare-knuckle champion was James Figg in 1719.
This is also the time when the word "boxing" first came to be used.
However, there are detailed records of various fist-fighting sports that were maintained in different cities and provinces of Italy between the 12th and 17th centuries.
There was also a sport in ancient Rus called Kulachniy Boy or "Fist Fighting".
This earliest form of modern boxing was very different. Figg's time, in addition to fist fighting, also contained fencing and cudgeling.
On 6 January 1681, the first recorded boxing match took place in Britain when Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle (and later Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica) engineered a bout between his butler and his butcher with the latter winning the prize. There were no weight divisions or round limits, and no referee. An early article on boxing was published in Nottingham, 1713, by Sir Thomas Parkyns, a successful Wrestler from Bunny, Nottinghamshire, who had practised the techniques he described.
The article, a single page in his manual of wrestling and fencing, Progymnasmata: The inn-play, or Cornish-hugg wrestler, described a system of headbutting, punching, eye-gouging, chokes, and hard throws, not recognized in boxing today.