Paper consolidating aviation legislation
Paper consolidating aviation legislation - dating tel
Modernity-cant be said as good or bad- modernity gives rise to industrialisation-controlled by capitalist class-alienation of working class- state should take control of it for equity and happiness of the masses. Parson and Durkhime- modernity-technocratic division of labour-social integration-chances of mobility.————————————————————————————————————————– After first WW- modernity was questioned- armed race.
————————————————————————————————————————- Modernity in Europe Celebration phase-questioning phase-rejection phase Simon, Comte, Spencer, Marx, Weber, Parson- celebrated modernity for diff reasons.
Immanuel Kant- modernity spirit of human reason-away from dogmas,superstitions,myths.
Comte and Spenser- modernity-industrialistion-emotions,ritualism and orthodoxy are replaced by law,rationality,growth,technological development and rise of inclusive society.
Caste system-sub caste and sub sub caste system-rejected Varna view of caste system by Dumont-Ritual criteria (food, language, speech etc) and Secular Criteria (education, wealth, power)- Earlier ritual was important, advent of foreigners Secular became important- Dumont was telling village was a myth and caste is the reality, but Srinivas gave important to both caste and village- Ritual mobility via Sanskritisation- Sanskritisation becomes easier when they improve their position in the secular sphere- Rise of Dominant Caste- Land Reforms PRIs- Green revolution- AGJR (Ahir, Gujjar, Jats, Rajputs).
Village system- Critical about Marx view of self sufficient little republic- Critical about Dumont view of village is a geographical territory- Srinivas talked about village exogamy-uniting during festivals-uniting against external aggression- going across villages for needs and commerce- village as identity- caste divides, village unites.
2-Social background of Indian nationalism Early 19th senctury-cultural awakening-reform movements against orthodoxy-foundation of nationalism.
1885 to 1905-INC formation-progress of nationalism. 1905 to 1918-extremist phase-lal bal pal era- violent revolution- spirited nationalism 1918 to 1934- era of Gandhi- bourgeois and middle class-peasant class champaran, kheda, bardoli .
Rightist- Sanskritik culture- unification across diversities. Gandhiji-wanted a unified nationalism-not a hindu muslim nationalism- love brotherhood among people of all sections.
Grassroot development is the need- decentralised movements for their needs and demands- to accomodate Indian nationalism.
Criticism- MN Srinivas Naxalism started during communist government of Bengal-Studied only modes of production, ignoring education, culture, ideology etc- MS Gore Post colonial periods Cooperatives have reduced poverty- SC Dubey on community programmes- Y Singh said Desai directly didnt use Marxism ideas, gave a platform for study of Indian society.
MN Srinivas- Structural Functionalist by his teacher AR Brown- Student of Ghurye- field work strongly against book view- founder of structural approach in India- got to field, do empirical study.
——————————————————————————————————————————— Modernisation of Indian tradition European modernity- ideal for the world-renaissance-art of questioning and enquiry-secularism in Europe.